Learning the Colors in Spanish is a fundamental vocabulary that everyone starting to study the language has to master.
Everything that surrounds you has a color, from objects to animals. Knowing how to identify them in Spanish is a must and will allow you to communicate better since it’s a vocabulary every person uses on a daily basis. This Spanish vocabulary is very much used to point out objects, talk about your likes and dislikes, and will encourage your creative self.
In this article, we will learn everything about the vocabulary of colors that every Spanish learner should start with. We will dive deep into all the colors in Spanish, with some essential grammar rules (yes, there are some), expressions, phrases, some facts, and tips for you to help you remember all of them!
This will be an amusing and colorful topic to study, so let’s get into it!
Basic Colors In Spanish
The most important colors are
- Amarillo – Yellow
- Anaranjado / Naranja – Orange
- Verde – Green
- Azul – Blue
- Púrpura / Morado – Purple
- Rojo – Red
- Rosado / Rosa – Pink
- Negro – Black
- Marrón / Café – Brown
- Gris – Gray / Grey
- Blanco – White
Other Colors in Spanish
|Verde Limón, Verde Lima
Light and Dark Colors in Spanish
If you want to tell a dark or light color instead of a particular color, you simply have to say the primary color in Spanish followed by “obscuro” or “claro” respectively.
- Rojo Obscuro – Dark Red
- Azul Claro – Light Blue
- Verde Obscuro – Dark Green
There are other words that you can use to describe colors in Spanish, you can also use: Brillante, Opaco, Fosforescente y Pastel.
Why do some colors end with A and O? (Gender Agreement for Colors in Spanish)
As you already might know, nouns (also called “sustantivos”) are masculine or feminine, and colors also follow these rules. But the good news is that they can be changed.
Changing the color gender is simple, all it takes is replacing the last letter of the color. If the noun is masculine (ending with the letter o or e) or feminine (ending with the letter a). So remember, you must change the last letter of the color name to match the noun.
Let’s check some examples.
- La bandera blanca – “The white flag” (the word Bandera is feminine),
- El lápiz blanco – “The white pencil” ( the word Lápiz is masculine)
- El sueter rojo – “The red jacket” ( the word Sueter is masculine)
- La rosa roja – “The red rose” ( the word Rosa is feminine)
DID YOU KNOW…?
In English, there is only one definite article, “the.” In Spanish, you must choose between four definite articles: el, la, los, and las. Which one you choose depends on the noun which follows. The definite articles in Spanish address two things: gender, and if a word is singular or plural.
- El – Masculine singular
- La – Feminine singular
- Los – Masculine plural
- Las – Feminine plural
Spanish Colors That Change with Gender
|Masculine singular (Base)
Notice how in the previous examples the color adjective ending with -o changes to an -a in the feminine form. But, not all of them follow these rules:
Spanish Colors That Don’t Change with Gender
|Masculine singular (Base)
The Grammar for Colors in Spanish
Adjectives word order
Take a look at some examples here.
- La casa rosada (The pink house)
- La manzana verde (The green apple)
- La bolsa roja (The red bag)
- El perro blanco (The white dog)
- La mesa azul (The blue table)
- Las sillas amarillas (The yellow chairs)
- Los aretes plateados (The silver earrings)
Colors As Nouns
Colors can also act as nouns when they represent a person or object. All color nouns are masculine, even when they end in -a since the masculine word is the base word.
Some examples include the following.
- Me gusta el color rosa. – I like the pink color.
- El violeta es mi color favorito. – Violet is my favorite color.
Using the Verb To Be (Ser and Estar)
In order to make sentences with Spanish colors, we can use the verb “ser”. Note that the color must match the gender of the noun and the number of the subject (if the subject is plural, the color must be plural).
- El vestido es morado. – The dress is purple.
- La camisa es morada. – The shirt is purple.
- Los globos son rojos. – The balloons are red.
We can also use the verb “estar” if we want to refer to a color of an object in a temporary matter.
- Tu cara está roja por el sol. – Your face is red from the sun.
- El cielo está gris. – The sky is grey right now.
- Los tomates están verdes aún. – The tomato is green still.
Still not getting the hang of the verbs “Estar” and “Ser”? Check out our full guide on Ser vs Estar and we promise you’ll
Spanish Expressions and Phrases
- ¿Cuál es tu color favorito? – What is your favorite color?
- Mi color favorito es el azul. – My favorite color is blue.
- Mi color preferido es el gris oscuro. – My favorite color is dark grey.
- El color que más me gusta es el rosa brillante. – The color I like the most is bright pink.
- El color que menos me gusta es el rojo. – The color I like the least is red.
- No me gusta el color verde oliva. – I don’t like olive green.
- Prefiero el color amarillo que el color café. – I prefer the color yellow to the color brown.
Me encanta el color turquesa. – I love the color turquoise.
Final notes to practice and learn the Colors in Spanish
- Draw circles on a piece of paper and fill them with an individual color: This method is the simplest way to practice the colors, you can stick that paper in your bed so you can see it every day, write the different forms of each color so you can study their genders.
- Use sticky notes to identify objects’ gender and color: A good way to practice noun genders is to put a sticky note to objects in your bedroom, write in the note the name of the object and try to identify the gender, after that, try to create a sentence using the color of the object as an adjective.
- Play with your mind: When you’re bored in any place, try to watch everything around you and try to think of its color in Spanish as fast as possible, without thinking in English, only Spanish!
We hope that you had fun with this, remember, this is a topic that requires some time of practice and study, so you can start over whenever you like, and, if you feel like you need help with your learning journey, you can always trust SpanishVIP to do that! You can have a free Spanish lesson or a 7-day free trial of our group classes today and never stop learning!
Want to learn Spanish, fast?
Download our e-book, Easy Spanish Shortcuts, and learn your first 1,000 Spanish words in under a day!