Skip links
Published on: Culture

Traditions in Colombia: The Land of A Thousand Rhythms

Picture this: It’s Christmas Eve in Colombia, and families are gathering around a table to eat traditional Colombian food like buñuelos (fried dough balls) and natilla (a sweet custard). The hot chocolate is flowing, and you can’t help but tap your feet to the beat of Vallenato music. Yes, you’ve just landed in one of the most culturally diverse countries in South America. Let’s dive into the unique traditions that make Colombia a gem in Latin America.

Festivals that Define Colombia

Beyond the Christmas holiday period, Colombia is home to popular annual events that contribute to its rich cultural tapestry.

Vallenato Legends Festival

Imagine a setting where the air is filled with the distinct sound of accordions, cajas (a type of drum), and canto (singing). Welcome to the Vallenato Legends Festival in Valledupar! This festival isn’t just any music event; it’s a cultural explosion celebrating Vallenato music, a genre deeply rooted in Colombian culture. Originating from the Caribbean coast of Colombia, Vallenato is a melodic blend of African, Indigenous, and Spanish influences. It’s like Colombia’s Coachella but with an authentic Colombian twist that incorporates accordions into almost every performance. If you’re into music that tells stories and defines a culture, then this festival should be on your bucket list.

Cali Fair

Now, let’s swing our attention to the Cali Fair—essentially the Mecca for Salsa enthusiasts. Taking place in Cali, often referred to as the ‘Capital of Salsa,’ this fair is much more than a series of concerts and dance performances. It’s a celebration of an art form that has deeply influenced Colombian culture and even politics. The streets come alive with parades, open-air performances, and even Salsa dance-offs that can stretch into the early hours of the morning. If you’ve ever wanted to immerse yourself in the rhythm and beats that make Colombia unique, the Cali Fair offers a firsthand experience like no other. This event is not just a festival; it’s an important milestone that punctuates the Colombian social calendar with flair and exuberance.

The Flavors of Colombia

Thinking about traveling to Colombia? you need to know that In Colombia, food is more than sustenance—it’s a celebration of cultural diversity. Take arepas, for instance, the versatile corn cakes that can be filled with an array of delights like cheese or meat. Or tamales, meticulously wrapped in banana leaves, each a treasure trove of flavors. And let’s not overlook hot chocolate. Far from just a winter treat, it holds a special place in Colombian hearts and tables. Often accompanied by a slice of cheese, this beverage transcends seasons and becomes a cherished staple on special occasions. In short, Colombian food is a flavorful journey through the nation’s diverse heritage.

Food Occasion
Arepas Daily breakfast and social events
Buñuelos Christmas and New Year
Natilla Christmas
Bandeja Paisa Any substantial meal
Ajiaco Special occasions and family gatherings


Did you know there’s a bit of a tiff between Colombia and Venezuela about who first created the arepa? Plot twist: its true origins go back to indigenous communities long before modern borders were drawn. So, both countries can claim a slice of this corny heritage!

Image by Frederick Medina via Unsplash

Colombia’s Artistic Side: More than Just Music

Colombian Art: A Blend of Cultures

If you thought Colombian culture was all about music and food, you’d be missing out on an entire spectrum of artistic expression. From renowned Colombian painter Fernando Botero to literary genius Gabriel García Márquez, the country is a treasure trove of artistic contributions.

Indigenous Traditions Meet Modern Flair

The artistic scene is a wonderful mix of indigenous traditions and African influences, with a sprinkle of European aesthetics. Local artisans produce beautiful crafts that are as functional as they are artistic, merging the past year with contemporary designs.

Popular Sport: Tejo

Let’s not forget Tejo. It’s not just a game; it’s a thrilling cultural phenomenon. Picture this: players take turns hurling an iron puck—aptly named “tejo”—into a clay-filled box. But here’s the kicker, literally! The target is laced with gunpowder, creating an explosive experience—both figuratively and literally—when hit accurately. Originating from indigenous traditions, Tejo has morphed into a popular sport enjoyed in large groups, often accompanied by beer and cheers. It’s more than a pastime; it’s an exhilarating way to celebrate special occasions, offering a boom of excitement quite unlike anything you’ll find in other countries.


In Colombia, the term “parcero” is local slang for “friend” or “buddy.” Drop a “parcero” in conversation and you’re one step closer to fitting in with the locals!

Religious Traditions in Colombia: A Mix of the Sacred and the Celebratory

Colombia is predominantly Catholic, and religious events are a significant part of the social fabric. From attending mass on Christmas Eve to the Virgin Mary’s Immaculate Conception, religious traditions are deeply woven into Colombian life.

The Nine Nights of Prayer

A fascinating religious tradition is the “Novena”, nine consecutive days of prayer leading up to Christmas. Colombian families gather to sing carols, pray, and read passages from the Bible. It’s a time of spiritual reflection and family bonding.

Kings Day: The End of the Holiday Season

As if Christmas and New Year weren’t enough, the holiday season officially concludes on January 6th with Kings Day, commemorating the visit of the Three Wise Men to Baby Jesus.

Image by Flavia Carpio via Unsplash

Unique Colombian Traditions Beyond the Mainstream

Alright, let’s get back to Tejo for a moment. In this traditional game, two teams throw an iron puck towards a circular pipe filled with clay. Points are awarded based on the accuracy of the throw, and yes, there’s usually a loud bang involved thanks to a small pouch of gunpowder.

Rule Description
Teams Usually two teams, often played in large groups
Iron Puck Called a “tejo,” thrown into a clay-filled box
Gunpowder Explode Pouches of gunpowder provide a celebratory bang
Points Awarded Based on how close the tejo lands to the target

New Year’s Eve: Farewell to the Past Year

You’ve probably celebrated New Year’s Eve in other countries, but Colombia has its own twist. Besides the yellow underwear for prosperity, Colombians also participate in ñapa, where people fill their pockets with lentils, grains, or coins to ensure prosperity. They even walk around the block with a suitcase to Wish themselves a traveling experience for the upcoming year. Events continue into the wee hours, making it a night to remember.

Carnival and the Caribbean Coast

Head over to the Caribbean Coast and witness one of Colombia’s most vibrant festivals—the Carnival of Barranquilla. Here, the thousand rhythms of Colombia come alive with dance, music, and colorful costumes that pay homage to indigenous traditions and African influences.

Rule Description
The Battle of Flowers A parade inaugurating the festivities
The Great Parade A showcase of Colombia’s diverse dances and costumes
The Orchestra Festival A contest between musical groups
The Death of Joselito Marks the end of the Carnival

Colombia—A Land of Diversity

Deeper Roots in Colombian Time

For those who wonder what Colombia is known for in terms of culture, we can safely say that it’s an amalgamation of its indigenous roots, Spanish colonial history, African heritage, and contemporary influences. It’s a land where culturally diverse countries converge and where traditions in Colombia stand out in South America.

Celebrate Special Occasions, Colombian Style

From celebrating Christmas with hot chocolate to enjoying the Cali Fair’s salsa beats, Colombian traditions offer something for everyone. Be it the iron puck game of Tejo or the clay-filled pots in the Andean region, every event, big or small, becomes an important milestone in Colombian culture.

Dive into Colombia’s Unique Traditions

We’ve journeyed through Colombia’s rich cultural landscape, from its unique Christmas traditions to its diverse festivals. Whether it’s the Caribbean Coast’s Carnival or the delicious hot chocolate enjoyed at family gatherings, Colombia truly dances to a thousand rhythms. Interested in diving deeper into Colombian culture? Our Dedicated Teachers and Student Success Advisors at SpanishVIP can help you master the language and understand this vibrant culture better. Start with a free 1:1 class or enjoy free 7 days of group classes!

Want to learn Spanish, fast?

Download our e-book, Easy Spanish Shortcuts, and learn your first 1,000 Spanish words in under a day!

Download Guide Now